Development and Testing of the Quality of Life Osteoporosis Scale-Nonvertebral Fractures (QoLOS-NVFX)
2.20.3 - Validation of new tools to measure self-care and the quality of life in postmenopausal osteoporotic women
The aim of this study was developing and testing a new tool for measuring quality of life (QoL) in patients with osteoporosis who had experienced nonvertebral fractures (NVFXs). Two main phases were carried out. First, the tool was developed based on expert opinion through three focus groups. Second, the tool was tested with exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis in a sample of 458 postmenopausal women. The reliability of the developed Quality of Life Osteoporosis Scale-Nonvertebral Fractures (QoLOS-NVFX) was measured using Cronbach's α, maximal reliability (MR), composite reliability (CR), and average variance extracted (AVE). The QoLOS-NVFX resulted in a unidimensional scale with 23 items and showed good reliability, with a Cronbach's α of 0.94, an MR of 0.96, a CR of 0.96, and an AVE of 0.70. The QoLOS-NVFX shows good psychometric properties and can be used to assess the impact of NVFX on QoL in osteoporotic women. Furthermore, it can be easily used in clinical practice and research.