Effectiveness of dyadic interventions to improve stroke patient–caregiver dyads’ outcomes after discharge: A systematic review and meta-analysis study
BACKGROUND:Because of the importance of a dyadic approach, it is necessary to conduct a systematic review to identify which dyadic intervention could be implemented for stroke survivor-caregiver dyads after discharge from the rehabilitation hospital to improve outcomes. AIMS:The aims were to systematically review the evidence to identify which dyadic interventions have been implemented in stroke survivor-caregiver dyads to improve stroke survivor-caregiver dyads' outcomes and to analyse, through a meta-analysis, which intervention was found to be the most effective. METHODS:A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted using the following electronic databases: PubMed, CINAHL and PsycInfo. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCT studies published within the last 10 years were included. Quantitative data were extracted from papers included in the review using the standardized data extraction tool from JBI-MAStARI. Pooled effects were analysed between the experimental and control groups for each outcome. RESULTS:Sixteen studies involving 2997 stroke survivors (male gender=58%) and 2187 caregivers (male gender=25%) were included in this review. In 16 studies, which were subdivided into three quasi-RCTs and 13 RCTs, the application of dyadic interventions for stroke survivors and caregivers was systematically reviewed, but only a few of these identified a significant improvement in the stroke survivors' and caregivers' outcomes of its intervention group. Dyadic interventions showed a significant effect on stroke survivors' physical functioning (p=0.05), memory (p<0.01) and quality of life (p=0.01) and on caregivers' depression (p=0.05). CONCLUSIONS:This study provides moderate support for the use of a dyadic intervention to improve stroke survivors' physical functioning, memory and quality of life and caregiver depression.