Psychometric Testing of the Revised Self-Care of Heart Failure Index

Psychometric Testing of the Revised Self-Care of Heart Failure Index



Self-care is essential in people with chronic heart failure (HF). The process of self-care was refined in the revised situation specific theory of HF self-care, so we updated the instrument measuring self-care to match the updated theory. The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the revised 29-item Self-Care of Heart Failure Index (SCHFI).


A cross-sectional design was used in the primary psychometric analysis using data collected at 5 sites in the United States. A longitudinal design was used at the site collecting test-retest data. We tested SCHFI validity with confirmatory factor analysis and predictive validity in relation to health-related quality of life. We tested SCHFI reliability with Cronbach α, global reliability index, and test-retest reliability.


Participants included 631 adults with HF (mean age, 65 ± 14.3 years; 63% male). A series of confirmatory factor analyses supported the factorial structure of the SCHFI with 3 scales: Self-Care Maintenance (with consulting behavior and dietary behavior dimensions), Symptom Perception (with monitoring behavior and symptom recognition dimensions), and Self-Care Management (with recommended behavior and problem-solving behavior dimensions). Reliability estimates were 0.70 or greater for all scales. Predictive validity was supportive with significant correlations between SCHFI scores and health-related quality-of-life scores.


Our analysis supports validity and reliability of the SCHFI v7.2. It is freely available to users on the website: www.self-care-measures.com.

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