Practices and Perceptions of Family Centered Care among Healthcare Providers: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pediatric Hospital
This study aimed to: (1) investigate the extent to which Family Centered Care (FCC) principles are currently applied in clinical practice by healthcare providers working in inpatient units; (2) evaluate the extent to which FCC principles are perceived as necessary; and (3) examine the associations between FCC principles and socio-demographic and job characteristics of participants. Design and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at a large pediatric hospital using the Italian version of the FCC Questionnaire Revised (FCCQ-R). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
Data from 469 healthcare providers were used for analysis. Scores for the FCC daily practices (Current activities) were significantly lower than those for their perceived necessity (Necessary activities) (p < .001). Participants who were male, younger, with work experience >20 years and working in rehabilitation reported a significantly higher perception of Current activities of FCC than others. The older and the more educated the participants, the greater was the perceived necessity of FCC activities. Female, older, and less experienced participants employed by the hospital but not working in the rehabilitation setting perceived a greater gap between Necessary and Current activities of FCC.
Scores for the Current and Necessary activities of FCC were lower than those reported in other studies. The lower scores in the Current activities and the significant gap can be due to organizational barriers or lack of skills, but the lower scores in the Necessary activities should be interpreted as a deficit of knowledge about FCC.
There is a need for further education about FCC in order to increase its perceived relevance in clinical practice.
Family Centered Care; Pediatric Hospital; Pediatric Nursing; Pediatrics; Professional-Family Relations.