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Measuring knowledge, attitudes and behavior of nurses in medication management:cross-cultural comparisons in Italy and Malta

Measuring knowledge, attitudes and behavior of nurses in medication management:cross-cultural comparisons in Italy and Malta

Abstract

Objective

Medication errors are one of the most common causes of negative events affecting patient safety all over the world.  Scientific literature divides the factors that contribute to the occurrence of harmful events into factors related to the characteristics of the healthcare workers and factors related to the organization of the drug management process. The aim of the study was to examine the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to medication errors among Italian and Maltese nurses.

Subjects and methods

Cross‐sectional survey of nurses working in Intensive Care settings in Italian and Maltese hospitals was conducted. A valid and reliable questionnaire used in previous studies was adapted for online use. Despite improved reporting, The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology was used.

Results

Findings showed good psychometric properties and reliability. MANOVA demonstrated significant differences in nurses’ perception of the pharmacist presence during medication process and of the use of computerized provider order entry. MANOVA also demonstrated significant differences in the control of vital parameters and the application of the 8 right.

Conclusions

These findings support the contention that knowledge, attitude and behaviour of nurses is similar across different contexts in different countries wherein nurse training is harmonised and regulated through a transnational directive.

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